Sovata is the northernmost settlement of the territory called Sóvidék (Salt Land), situated between the Corund River and the valley of the Târnava Mică River. It can be reached from Târgu-Mureş, Miercurea Ciuc and Odorheiu Secuiesc on the 13A main road and from Reghin on a connection road.
3 villages are administratively part of the town: Căpeti, Ilieşi and Săcădat
In 2004; the village of Sărăteni broke away to form an independent commune.
The first data about Sovata are from 1578. By 1583 it already was a village. Due to its warm water and salty lakes it became increasingly popular during the next centuries. It gained the status of town in 1952.
The geological events in 1875 gave birth to the Bear Lake, which is unique in Europe, its water being helio-thermal and salty, with well-known therapeutic effects (for chronic gynecological symptoms, severe rheumatic pains, peripheral nervous system and post-accidental motor diseases).
There are four more salty lakes: Nut Lake, Black Lake, Red Lake and Green Lake. In the interwar period, Sovata became one of the most fashionable spas in the country, visited several times even by the Romanian Royal Family.